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Paper written as a Schwarzman Scholar at Tsinghua University.

Over the past forty years, China’s unprecedented urbanization served as fuel for its meteoric GDP growth and ascendance to global influence. In this paper, I will argue that Nobel Laureate Joseph Stiglitz’s assessment that China’s urbanization is one of the two great events shaping the world in the 21st century is undoubtedly accurate by examining the sectoral transition to manufacturing and subsequent rise of China’s export dominance, the immense economic potential and market influence of Chinese consumers, and the vast environmental toll generated by China’s urbanization. …


Paper written as a research intern with the Cato Institute’s Emerging Technologies Project.

Can blockchain technology help secure an increasingly connected world?

The concentration of human capital, investment in infrastructure, interwoven social networks, and entrepreneurial potential within cities has accelerated the growth of smart cities throughout the past two decades. Smart cities utilize both digital technology and data to address public problems and become more sustainable, efficient, and responsive to residents’ needs with the ultimate goal of improving residents’ quality of life. An example of benefits afforded by smart cities can be found in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The city built a…


Interning on the DNC Tech Team

Throughout my undergraduate experience I sought opportunities to make a positive impact — be it professionally or personally.

While working as a legislative intern in the Office of Congressman Ro Khanna (CA-17), my hometown of San Jose’s local representative, I was excited by his consistent advocacy for increased investment in existing colleges and universities as part of the wider Democratic movement to create more jobs in regional centers throughout the United States.

The industries that exist today may not exist tomorrow. …

Mary Liu

Schwarzman Scholar | Columbia University

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